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In order to be used as a finish material for flat surfaces like floors, countertops, or walls, thin, stiff hard-surface materials called tiles are manufactured into precise geometric designs. It may consist of rough raw stone, like granite, or highly processed materials, such reflecting glass, however vinyl flooring tiles of all varieties are not included because they are thought of as durable flooring materials.

Hard tile in its various variants has long been a popular building material. The term “ceramic” is commonly used to describe hard tiles used for floors, walls, backsplashes, and counters, but there are actually seven different types of hard-surfaced tiles, with clay ceramic being just one of them. Your budget, your decor objectives, and your desire to do it yourself will all influence which option is ideal for you.

1. Ceramic Tiles

For walls, floors, and worktops, ceramic tile is the most popular type, making up around two thirds of all tile installations. A product is referred to as “ceramic” if it is composed of clay that has been squeezed into a shape and then is fired at temperatures as high as 2500 degrees Fahrenheit in a kiln to make it harden. The majority of ceramic tiles are given a hard, lustrous surface by being coated with a glass or metallic substance during the final fire. The traditional ceramic material, for instance, is used to create the timeless and enduringly popular subway tile.
Even though not every ceramic tile is inexpensive, it is possible to locate budget-friendly options that are still extremely fashionable and appealing. Basic square white ceramic tiles can be purchased for as little as Rs 33 per square foot. For any house style and remodeling budget, there are literally dozens of colors and styles available, and it’s not difficult to pay $30 or more per square foot for imported designer tiles.


Least costly kind
Simple to install and cut

Prone to crack
Scratching can be a problem with thin glazing.
On flooring, it may be slippery.


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2. Porcelain Tiles Cons

A specific kind of ceramic material called porcelain is created using finer clays and burned at greater temperatures than regular ceramics. It is therefore a better choice for high moisture places like next to bathtubs and in showers because it must meet a greater level of water absorption than regular ceramic. Since porcelain tiles are frequently thicker and more durable than regular ceramic tiles, they are a suitable option for floors as well.
The ability to be molded and styled in a way that nearly resembles other building materials, including marble, granite, slate, or even wood and metal, is an even bigger advantage of porcelain tile. For a luxurious appearance at a reasonable cost, porcelain tile can be a great option. Without installation, the national average price of porcelain tiles is around Rs 52/Square Feet, Rs 80/Square Feet square foot. For this kind of tile, there is also a wide difference in pricing.

stronger and thicker than conventional ceramic tile
May be produced to seem like real stone or even wood
Nearly impenetrable to stains are surfaces.

More costly than conventional ceramic
Little more challenging to cut and install than ceramic tile
On flooring, it may be slippery.

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3. Glass Tile

Glass tile is a solid-color, semi-translucent substance that is frequently offered in mosaic sheets. Glass mosaic is still the tile of choice for confined vertical surfaces that draw a lot of attention despite being occasionally connected with design trends from the early 2000s. Glass mosaic is best for generating showy, flashy, and exciting vertical surfaces. Floors shouldn’t utilize glass mosaic since it will crack under strain. Other tile materials cannot compare to the glistening, lustrous splendor of glass tile.
Glass tiles typically cost around Rs 45 per square foot, which is comparable to porcelain tile, while some varieties made as “designer” goods can cost significantly more.


Surface that reflects light and is translucent.
Gives walls a distinctive aesthetic feature.
Installation is simple with mosaic sheets.


Not good for floors because it is easily cracked
A distinctive appearance can eventually seem antiquated.
Special white tile adhesive is necessary.


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4. Terracotta Tiles
Ideal for: patios, sunrooms, and flooring with a rustic, natural appearance.

Terracotta is an Italian word that translates as “baked soil.” These tiles have a brown to reddish tone and are made of porous clay with a high iron concentration. Terracotta tiles are typically not coated with a lustrous surface and are typically burned at a relatively moderate temperature (1,000 degrees Fahrenheit) as compared to conventional ceramic tiles. They often add a rustic, earthy appeal to homes with Southwest or Mediterranean architecture or decor. In arid climates, they are also utilised for sunrooms, patios, and other outdoor settings. There are designer medallions and accent tiles available in addition to regular square or rectangular tiles (often at least 1 1 foot in size).

Terra-cotta tiles are porous by nature, making them vulnerable to stains unless they are routinely sealed. The same techniques used to install ceramic and porcelain tiles are typically used to install terra-cotta tiles. The most common tool for cutting is a motorised wet saw. For a do-it-yourselfer with modest skills and some prior tile experience, DIY installation is completely doable.

Terracotta is a relatively affordable type of tile because of the comparatively straightforward manufacturing process. An average cost ranges from Rs. 48 per sq. foot and goes up to Rs. 68 per sq. foot.

5. Concrete Pavers

Ideal for: Contemporary Styling

Pure concrete paver tiles, which are built of Portland cement and fine aggregate and frequently tinted and textured to resemble quarry tile, are a relatively new type of hard tile flooring product. These have typically been relegated to mudrooms, furnace rooms, work areas, and other places where aesthetics aren’t as important. Outside, they are more frequently utilised for walks, pool decking, and patios. In contrast, concrete pavers are now offered in shapes better suited for general indoor use, particularly in homes with contemporary or industrial architecture and furnishings.

These tiles come in sizes ranging from 4 x 4 to 12 x 12, and they are relatively thick (3/8 to 1/2 inch thick). Rectangular forms are also an option. Choose tiles with a COF grade of at least 0.60 to ensure your safety when walking on them. Due to their difficulty in being cut, cement pavers are typically set by contractors.

Basic cement pavers start at approximately Rs 28 per piece, making them one of the more affordable flooring options, while specialty tiles in unusual hues might be more expensive.

The greatest sort of tile flooring for your space depends on your budget, lifestyle, and personal tastes because the floor is the largest surface area in the house. The needs and placement of each room and space will determine which type of flooring is best because each has unique advantages.

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